Shruti Baghel, Ritu Rani Chaudhary, Ravi Prakash and RB Singh
Protein profiling and physico-chemical properties of seventeen Acacia nilotica Linn. (babool) gum exudates collected from ten Indian States covering five agro- climatic zones of India were studied to find out the intra-specific variations in their moisture level, total color difference (ΔE), yield %, ash content, elemental level, tannin content (mg/g), specific rotation [ α ], swelling index (%, v/v), viscosity and FT-IR. All the gum exudates showed Newtonian behavior with viscosity being shear rate independent. Gums were thermally characterized using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential thermal analysis (DTA). DSC thermogram of gum samples showed presence of a broad endothermic peak at around 90-130 °C and occurrence of glass transition temperature in the range of 60.82-68.62 °C. TGA analysis showed three phases of weight loss indicating that the gum is thermally relatively stable. Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis of gum samples showed presence of mainly low molecular weight proteins. The observed intra-specific variations in the properties of Acacia nilotica gum exudates collected from different agro-climatic zones of India are presumably due to the effects of difference in their geographical locations, edaphic conditions, climatic factors, botanical sources, season and the age of the tree etc.
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